P Damodaran, R Subramaniam, S Z Omar, P Nadkarni, M Paramsothy
The object of this study is to determine the status of an urban Malaysian woman in her menopause age group with reference to her menopausal symptoms, lipid profile, breast, pelvis and bone. One hundred and sixty four women attending the Menopause Clinic of University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur who had not previously been on hormone replacement therapy were studied. Forty nine women were perimenopausal, 74 women were in early menopause (within 5 years of menopause) and 41 women were in late menopause (after 5 years of menopause). The most common symptoms were hot flushes (56%) and generalized tiredness (49%). Eighty four percent (84%) of women had high cholesterol levels. Serum triglycerides were highest in the late menopause group. There were 2 cases of intraductal carcinoma diagnosed on routine mammography, with 8 cases of fibrocystic breast disease and 7 cases of suspicious breast lumps. Routine ultrasound (pelvic and abdominal) revealed two women with ovarian cysts, 6 women with an endometrial thickness of more than 5 mm and 8 women with uterine fibroids. Eighty five women (51.8%) had mild osteoporosis while four women had moderate osteoporosis on dual photon measurements for bone mineral density. Menopause clinics should aim at investigating a woman in her menopause as a whole. Vasomotor symptoms were common in the urban Malaysian menopausal woman. There was a high incidence of lipid abnormalities. Routine mammography, pelvic ultrasound examinations and bone mineral density tests detected significant pathology and abnormalities.
Singapore Med J 2000 Vol 41(9):431-435